Vectors and Projectiles - Mission VP3 Detailed Help

A 5-ton airplane normally flies at 200 km/hr. If it experiences a 50 km/hr tailwind (i.e., a wind from behind), then its resultant velocity will be ... 
(Note: the numbers in this question are random and will vary.)

Think about this: you have likely run into the wind (headwind) and with the wind (tailwind) at some time in your life. A headwind makes your resulting speed less and a tailwind makes your resulting speed more. The same is true of a plane that is experiencing a headwind or a tailwind.
In this question, the tailwind must give the plane a greater resultant velocity. This rules out several options. To determine the correct option from among the remaining choices, simply add the two vectors in the same direction (see Know the Law section).

Vector Addition - Head to Tail Method
The head-to-tail method of vector addition is one of several methods used to determine the resulting sum of two vectors. In this method, the first vector (the plane velocity) is drawn. The second vector (the wind velocity) is then drawn starting at the head of the first vector. For a tailwind, the wind velocity vector would be drawn in the same direction as the plane velocity. The resultant vector stretches from the tail of the first vector (plane velocity) to the head of the last vector (wind velocity). Since the two vectors lie along the same line and in the same direction, the vector addition can be done using straightforward addition.

Many students of Physics form the impression that every given numerical value must be used in a calculation. But don't be fooled! The fact that the airplane is a 5-ton airplane is of no importance in this question. Always use your understanding of physics principles and relationships to develop the skill of discerning the importance and unimportance of given information.